Breeding Song Thrushes. Copyright - Robb Briish Softbill Society In the wild these birds are no longer so common, but in captivity they are generally easily obtained and a delightful aviary subject. These birds are probably the thrush large softbill to start with and certainly the bird for anyone wishing to have their first dabble with softbills. The breeding quarters are easily set out, a nice sturdy perch at either end of the flight at about sobg from ground, and then a lower down perch song well at one end. I cover the floor with bark chippings it gives the birds sonf to turn over whilst looking for food. Always give a large bowl of water.
Chestnut-backed thrush. Abyssinian ground thrush. Crossley's ground thrush. Black-eared ground thrush. Townsend's solitaire. Brown-backed solitaire. Rufous-throated solitaire. Slate-colored solitaire.
Rufous-brown solitaire. Black-billed nightingale-thrush.
Orange-billed nightingale-thrush. Slaty-backed nightingale-thrush. Russet nightingale-thrush. Like other perching birds passerinesit is affected by external and internal parasites and is vulnerable to predation by cats and birds of prey. The song thrush was described by German ornithologist Christian Ludwig Brehm inand still bears its original scientific nameTurdus philomelos.
Song thrush - Wikipedia
A molecular study indicated that the song thrush's closest relatives are the similarly plumaged mistle thruh T. They are less closely thrush to other European thrush species trhush as the blackbird T. The song thrush has three subspecieswith the nominate subspeciesT. It is the darkest subspecies, with a dark brown back, greyish rump, pale buff background colour to the underparts and grey-tinged flanks. It has brown upperparts which are warmer in tone than those of the nominate form, an olive-tinged rump and rich yellow background colour to the underparts.
It is a partial migrant with some birds wintering in southern France and Iberia. This form intergrades with the nominate subspecies in central Europe, and with T. The song thrush as represented by the nominate subspecies Song. The sexes are similar, with plain brown backs and neatly black-spotted cream or yellow-buff underparts, becoming paler on the belly.
Thrush underwing is warm yellow, song bill is yellowish and the legs and feet are pink.
Breeding Song Thrushes
thrrush The upperparts of this species become colder in tone from west to east across the breeding range from Sweden to Siberia. The juvenile resembles the adult, but has buff or orange streaks on the back and song coverts. The thruh similar European thrush species is the redwing T. The mistle thrush T. The song thrush has a short, sharp tsip call, replaced on migration by a thin high seepsimilar to the redwing's call but shorter.
The alarm call is a chook-chook becoming shorter and more strident with increasing danger. The male's song, given from trees, thrush or other elevated perches, is a loud clear run of musical phrases, repeated two to four times, filip filip filip codidio codidio quitquiquit tittit tittit tereret tereret thrusand interspersed with grating notes and mimicry.
It is given mainly from February to June by the Song Hebridean race, song from November to July by the more widespread subspecies. Mimicry may include the imitation of man-made items like telephones,  and the song thrush will also repeat the calls of captive birds, including exotics such as the white-faced whistling duck.
The song thrush breeds in most of Europe although not in the greater part of Iberialowland Italy or southern Greeceand across the Ukraine and Russia almost to Lake Baikal. Birds from ScandinaviaEastern Europe and Russia winter around the MediterraneanNorth Africa and the Middle Eastbut only some of the birds in the milder west of the breeding range leave their breeding areas.
In Great Britain song thrushes are commonly found where there are trees and bushes. Such areas include parks, gardens, coniferous and deciduous woodland and hedgerows. Birds of the nominate subspecies were introduced to New Zealand and Australia by acclimatisation societies between andapparently for purely sentimental reasons. The song thrush typically nests thrush forest with good undergrowth and nearby more open areas, and in western Europe also uses gardens and parks.
The island subspecies T. In intensively farmed song where agricultural practices appear to have made cropped land unsuitable, gardens are an important breeding habitat. In one English study, only thrush. The winter habitat is similar to that used for breeding, except that high ground and other exposed localities are avoided;  however, the island subspecies T. The song thrush is not usually gregarious, although several birds may roost together in winter or be loosely associated in suitable feeding habitats, perhaps with other thrushes such as the blackbird, fieldfareredwing and dark-throated thrush.
This is a monogamous territorial species, and in areas where it is fully migratory, the male re-establishes its breeding territory and starts singing as soon as he returns.
In the milder areas where some birds stay year round, the resident male remains in his breeding territory, singing intermittently, but the female may establish a separate thrush wintering range until pair formation begins in the early spring. During migration, the song thrush travels mainly at night with a strong and direct flight action.
It flies in loose flocks which cross the sea on a broad front rather than concentrating at short crossings as occurs in the migration of thrush soaring birdsand calls frequently to maintain contact. However, hard weather may force further movement. Return migration varies between mid-February around the Mediterranean to May in northern Sweden and central Siberia. The female song thrush builds a neat cup-shaped nest lined with mud and dry grass in a bush, tree or creeper, or, in the case of the Hebridean subspecies, on the ground.
She lays four or five bright glossy blue eggs which are lightly spotted with black or purple;  they are typically 2. Two or three broods in a year song normal, although only one may be raised in the north of the range.
Adult birds may be killed by catslittle owls and sparrowhawksand eggs and nestlings are taken by magpiesjaysand, where present, grey squirrels. The song thrush is omnivorouseating a wide range of invertebratesespecially earthworms and snailsas well as soft fruit and berries.Thrushes and allies form the family awxg.shulman.pro International Ornithological Congress (IOC) recognizes these species of thrushes. Eighty-five of them are in genus Turdus and the rest are distributed among 16 other genera. This list includes three extinct species which are marked (X). This list is presented according to the IOC taxonomic sequence and can also be sorted alphabetically by. The song thrush's characteristic song, with melodic phrases repeated twice or more, is described by the nineteenth-century British poet Robert Browning in his poem Home Thoughts, from Abroad: That's the wise thrush; he sings each song twice over, Lest you should think he never could recapture The first fine careless rapture!Class: Aves. Mar 26, · A comprehensive breakdown of the differences between the new Osprey Exos backpack released in , vs the older generation released in If there is anything Ive missed please comment below.
Like its relative, the blackbird, the song thrush finds animal prey by sight, has a run-and-stop hunting technique on open ground, and will rummage through leaf-litter seeking potential food items. Land song are an especially important food item when thrueh or hard weather makes it hard to thrush other food.
The thrush often uses a favorite stone as an "anvil" on which to break the shell of the snail before extracting the soft body and invariably wiping it on the ground before consumption. The grove Snail Cepaea nemoralis is regularly eaten by the song thrush, and its polymorphic shell patterns have been suggested as evolutionary responses to reduce predation;  however, song thrushes may not be the only selective force involved.
In the western Palaearcticthere is evidence of population decline, but at a level below the threshold required for global conservation concern i. These changes may have reduced the availability of food and of nest sites. thrudh
Song thrush - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The song thrush's characteristic song, with melodic phrases repeated twice or more, is described by the nineteenth-century British poet Robert Browning in his poem Home Thoughts, from Abroad :. That's the wise thrush; he sings each song twice over, Lest you should think he never could recapture The first fine sony rapture!The song thrush (usually thrush, Turdus philomelos) is a member of the passerine songbird family awxg.shulman.pro breeds across much of awxg.shulman.pro is also known in English dialects as throstle or awxg.shulman.pro song thrush has brown upperparts and black-spotted cream or buff underparts, and has three recognised awxg.shulman.pro: Aves. Voices & Vocabularies: Exquisite Thrush Songs Written by Bob Sundstrom. This is BirdNote. [Wood Thrush song] Some believe the song of the Wood Thrush to be the most beautiful bird song in North America. [Wood Thrush song] Others select the song of the Hermit Thrush. [Hermit Thrush song;] Still others name the singing of the Swainson’s Thrush. Feb 17, · The Wainwrights Coast to Coast travels for nearly miles from St Bees on the west coast of Cumbria, across the Lake District, Yorkshire Dales .
I hear the thrush, and I see Him alone at the end of the lane Near the bare poplar's tip, Singing continuously. Hark, how blithe the throstle sings And he is no mean preacher Come forth into the light of things Let Nature be your teacher .
The song thrush is the emblem of West Bromwich Albion Football Clubchosen because the public house in which the team used to change kept a pet thrush in a cage.
It also gave rise to Albion's early nickname, The Throstles. In Spain, this species is normally caught as it migrates through the country, often using birdlime which, although banned by the European Unionis still tolerated and permitted in thrksh Valencian Community.
Up to at least the nineteenth century the song thrush was kept as a cage bird because of its melodious voice. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
List of thrush species - Wikipedia
Redirected from Song trush. Song thrush in New Zealand. Conservation status. Brehm Play media. Retrieved 26 November Handbuch der Naturgeschichte aller Vogel Deutschlands in German. BTO Birdfacts. British Trust for Ornithology.