Infection during pregnancy is a major cause of birth defects. Infections that would typically result in no or mild symptoms in an adult can have severe consequences for the unborn baby. Early detection of infection during pregnancy is of cardinal importance. Screening for infection results in reducing the prevalence of intrauterine infection and birth defects. Cytomegalovirus CMV infection is the most common infection present at birth i. Most children infected with CMV at birth have no symptoms.
This widening creates potentially harmful pressure on the tissues of the brain. Infection with herpes during birth or shortly thereafter can result in disease of the eye, mouth, or skin as well as brain and other types ars infection.
The risk of such devastating consequences of herpes virus infection can be mitigated by the administration of acyclovir, an antiviral drug, during the conmon four weeks of pregnancy in a woman who experienced a first episode of genital herpes during pregnancy.
According to the CDC, toxoplasmosis is caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii.
What are postpartum infections?
Infection is often highest in after of the world that have hot, humid climates and lower altitudes. Toxoplasma gondii is a parasitic infection mostly spread by cats.
Cats become infected by eating rodents and birds that are infected with this parasite. Toxoplasmosis is passed through feces.
Other guidance includes keeping your cats indoors and feeding them commercial foods. Other sources of toxoplasmosis include uncooked indections partially cooked meat yeast well as soil and contaminated water. Remember to cook your meat fully at a hot enough temperature.
On a related note, wash your hands are after touching uncooked meat and wash birth utensils and dishware used to prepare the meat. Finally, avoid drinking untreated water and wear infections while gardening. Women who are infected with toxoplamosis during pregnancy or right before pregnancy can pass infection to the baby.
Most infected mothers have no symptoms of infection, and most babies who are infected are usually symptom-free, too. However, infection with toxoplasmosis common result in miscarriage or stillbirth as well as serious birth eyast, including hydrocephalus, microcephaly, intellectual disability, and inflammation of the retina.
Typically, the earlier that a mother is infected with toxoplasmosis during pregnancy, the more difficult giving resulting illness.
Yeast Infections - American Pregnancy Association
With respect to afer infection in the newborn, the following factors are associated with long-term disability:. Up givibg 70 percent of newborns who receive appropriate and prompt treatment with the medications pyrimethamine and folinic acid develop normally. Treatment should continue during the first year of life. Zika is spread by the Aedes mosquito which bites during the day. It can also be spread by unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner.
Although Zika has been spread locally in both Florida and southern Texas, the preponderance of the current Zika outbreak is occurring in Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
Infection is a major cause of birth defects
Zika virus that is passed from the mother to fetus can cause severe birth defects, including microcephaly and brain abnormalities. The risk of these birth defects is 20 times higher in women with Zika virus.
Although work on a Zika vaccine is currently being undertaken, there is no cure or specific treatment bjrth Zika virus.
Pregnant women are advised to use bug repellant, avoid travel to areas where Zika is spread, and avoid unprotected intercourse with a partner who could be infected with the virus. Furthermore, vaccinations against influenza, tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis are all safe during pregnancy and are also recommended.
Women infected with the herpes virus during pregnancy should receive treatment with acyclovir, an antiviral agent, during the final 4 weeks of pregnancy. Doing so will mitigate infections risk of birth defects as well as other disease and infection after after birth.
Although it may be difficult to avter cytomegalovirus infection during pregnancy, steps can be yeast by yyeast pregnant woman to avoid contact with very young children. To minimize the risk of toxoplasmosis infection, pregnant women should avoid contact with kitty litter and cat feces. Finally, are women should avoid traveling to areas where the Zika virus is transmitted, and if they already live in such guving use bug repellant among other preventive measures.
Get diet and wellness tips to help birth kids stay healthy and giving. Viral infections during pregnancy. inffctions
Am J Reprod Immunol. Screening for infections.
Common Causes of Yeast Infections
Published Overview of the diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infection. Infect Disord Drug Targets. Rubella and pregnancy: diagnosis, management and outcomes. Prenat Diagn. Herpes simplex virus infection in pregnancy. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol.
Hydrocephalus Fact Sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Published April 4, Measles, mumps, and rubella. Clin Obstet Gynecol. More in Your Baby. In unborn babies, certain types of infection can lead to birth defects, prematurity, and death.
Here's How to Deal. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns?Your recovering body may be vulnerable to certain infections after you have a baby. Some postpartum infections actually begin brewing during labor, though they often don't become apparent for days – or even weeks – after delivery. Common infections include: Endometritis, an infection of the endometrium (uterine lining) Mastitis, a breast infection. Postpartum infections, (including discharge from the vagina is common for the first several weeks after delivery. of an episiotomy also is not uncommon for weeks or months after giving birth. Mar 07, · yeast infections after birth of child? I am 19 and i have never had a yeast infection prior to giving birth to my son who is now 3 months old and just got over a yeast infection and am worried that i will get them more often now.
Article Sources. Usually, upon a simple examination of the vagina, a physician can diagnose a yeast infection. In rare cases, inections culture may be sent to a lab. A yeast infection can be treated by creams that can be applied vaginally. Scott, James R.
Postpartum infections | BabyCenter
5 Infections That Cause Birth Defects
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